International Atomic Energy Agency’s headquarters is in Vienna, Austria. This Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources was approved by the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

  1. Noting that radioactive sources are used throughout the world for a wide variety of beneficial purposes, e.g. in industry, medicine, research, agriculture and education.
  2. Aware that the use of these radioactive sources involves risks due to potential radiation exposure.
  3. Recognizing the need to protect individuals, society and the environment from the harmful effects of radioactive sources.
  4. Noting that ineffective, interrupted or sporadic regulatory or management control of radioactive sources has led to serious accidents.
  5. Aware that the risks arising from such incidents must be minimized and protected against through the application of appropriate radiation safety and security standards.
  6. Recognizing the importance of fostering a safety and security culture in all organizations.
  7. Recognizing the need for effective and continuous regulatory control, in particular to reduce the vulnerability of radioactive sources during transfers, within and between States.
  8. Recognizing that States should take due care in authorizing exports and that States should make efforts to harmonize their systems of export control of radioactive sources.
  9. Recognizing the need for technical facilities to ensure the safe management and secure protection of radioactive sources.
  10. Noting that the International Basic Safety Standards for Protection against Ionizing for protection against exposure to ionizing radiation and for the safety and security of radioactive sources.
  11. Recalling the IAEA’s Safety Requirements document on Legal and Governmental Infrastructure for Nuclear, Radiation, Radioactive Waste and Transport Safety.
  12. Taking account of the provisions of the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management.
  13. Recognizing that, while unsealed radioactive material is excluded from this Code.
  14. Recognizing the global role of the IAEA in the area of the safety and security of radioactive sources.
  15. Taking account of the approval by the Board of Governors of the activities regarding protection against nuclear terrorism.

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